The script, the written word that turns into a movie or television scene, turns its owner into one of the makers of the social scene and transfers him to the rank of celebrities, and who knows, he may reach the ranks of the greats, by winning awards, whether global or regional. There is no voice above the voice of the script, because all the films that we watch, or series, were built, originally, on the word, because the text is everything, and without it, we will not watch a movie or series, or any other literary genre on the screens.
Creating Immortal Novels And Winning Global Or Cosmic Awards
No matter how great the writers are in creating immortal novels and winning global or cosmic awards for them, no production company, whether in Hollywood or any developing country in the parts of the world, will deal with that novel, except according to a cinematic or television script drawn up by a specialized screenwriter. He makes the novel and his role ends, while the screenwriter starts from where that writer left off. In sum, everything we see on the screen is the product of the screenwriter’s work, whether he created the idea presented from his imagination or brought it from a novel by a writer.
But what is the scenario? What are his principles? What are its characteristics? What are its divisions and types? How does one become a screenwriter?
Is the issue easy, or are there rules and basics, as well as luxuries, that must be available? And most importantly, can anyone become a screenwriter? Was it not easy for the novelist in this case to become the scriptwriter for the movie that deals with his novel? Certainly, the issues are not as easy as we think. There is a system of work within one person that has to separate the narrative from the scenario, and this is what will lead us to sail completely in this world that is more than creative and more than wide.
We are here, the leading Kun Academy in the Middle East in the field of training courses, and by our focus on all aspects of life, creative and practical, we sail with those interested in the world of scenarios, on a journey whose first and last goal is to make the real screenwriter, after we put all the details related to this field for those who wish.
What is the scenario?
In front of us is a movie that we are watching, and a great director supervised the management of the camera, which came out to us with those scenes in which the story was woven, the subject of the movie. These events and their trajectory, from start to finish, characters, names, hierarchy, coordination, harmony, or to say in a more precise sense: building the story across the screen…all are called the script. This construction was carried out by a person who is a screenwriter, without whom we would not have seen the story in a representative form on the screen.
The Script Is A Long Process,
Which may extend for many months, and ends only with finding what is called the complete script, whether it is theatrical, cinematic, or television. And this scenario is strong whenever the writer moves away from naivety, deals with his idea clearly, and creates a strong plot for it that is free, as much as possible, from loopholes, and then reaches clear conclusions. Note that the lack of clear access to the idea to the recipient may be attributed to the weakness of the script. The viewer is not responsible for the lack of clarity. Clarity is the most important success factor, and it is the responsibility of the scriptwriter before anyone else.
No writer can draw up a script without a plan, organization, or defining the goal behind his work. All of these are principles that the writer must observe, otherwise the script will come out blurry and unclear, and it becomes normal for the ideas it contains not to reach the recipient.
We have a wide range of steps that make up the principles of screenwriting, and some of them precede the writing process, and none of them can be overlooked.
Determine The Goal Of Scriptwriting.
- Determine the target audience of this script/story.
- Writing the main draft of the scenario (preferably not to exceed 5 pages).
- Determine the duration and nature of each scene of the scenario.
- Distribute the names of the active characters in the story/scenario.
- Writing the script on paper.
How To Write A Script:
The method of writing a script is similar to the methods of writing other literary genres in general points and differs from it in the specific points characteristic of each genre separately. The method of writing the script, especially the cinematic one, is subject to three considerations that must be taken into account, which are the following:
This is precisely the main component of the text, through which events and situations are formulated. The writing material is the main idea of the story, whether general or specific. The writer can derive the main idea from his brainchild, or he can bring it from the world of novels and short stories by famous or unknown writers, bearing in mind that it is not a requirement that every novel turns into a movie or television script.
The screenwriter must initially distribute the scenes on a paper draft, then collect the influential characters in each scene, and develop a vision for the order of each of them appearing in the scenes, provided that they are all related to the main idea. In this regard, the writer is not required to include in the draft all the active characters in the story. In every story, there are regular or secondary characters and their presence overlaps with the main characters or heroine.
Evaluation Of The Text:
This is to correct the text after writing it, and to make sure that it fully complies with the rules of writing, public morals, and public taste. An indication here is that presenting the text to critics is necessary and does not degrade the writer, as most of the texts that we watch films about testify in the main sign have the name “dramatic treatment” and this is for the critic who read the text and repaired some gaps in it.
Some things distinguish the scenario and make it unique from other literary values, and make us know when we read or see it that it is a scenario, and perhaps the most important of these things:
1- The scenario helps to put the work within a specific framework that allows the directors to define the specific dramatic line, to facilitate the implementation of the scene in front of the camera easily and clearly.
2- It is a complete expression of a work of art, and the work of art necessarily means that it is built on a representational basis.
The scenario is considered the first way to explain that it is a work of art, in the sense that it helps to transfer the idea to the production market (producers, directors, etc.).The scenario raises specific issues, most of which are social.
What Is The Difference Between Script, Script, And Dialogue?
There is a difference between similar things, and the average person cannot tell them apart. For example: What is the difference between dialogue and dialogue, as long as both sides of the comparison are dialogue? Certainly, there are differences. Here, in our current research, the script cannot be likened to the script, or the dialogue, no matter how similar they are theoretically.
The Scenario Is An Italian Word Meaning Landscape Or Scene
The scenario is an Italian word meaning landscape or scene, and idiomatically it is the cinematic text that comes from the world of creativity (a novel, a story, a dramatic text, etc.) and it is a treatment of an issue raised in a cinematic way. The scenario describes everything: the scenery and the characters from the outside and the inside, it describes the visual and audio content of the scenes, it describes the incidents and situations, and the temporal and spatial transformations of the characters, and it deconstructs the transformations into independent scenes.
On the contrary, the script comes, which is an English term that was popular in theatrical circles in the 18th century for theatrical works, linguistically means the work plan and includes the directorial plan for the theatrical work, such as the description of the movement of the actors, the description of the scenes, the details of the decoration, and the floor plan of the theatre. They gave his name to the program script, but it did not take the same meaning as the theatrical script.
As for the dialogue, it is all the words that the characters say, and it may be subject to modification by the director, in agreement with the writer and according to the working conditions.
The scenario has three types, and each one of them is due to the nature, image, or form of the subject scenario, and we summarize these types as follows:
This type of scenario depends on the narrative imagination of the writer, and this scenario is often converted from a fictional or literary text.
This type of scenario depends on objectivity and facts, such as the scenario of documentaries that do not carry any error or bias outside the text, as well as films advertising companies and factories or educational films.
This type depends on the writer’s imagination (contrary to the narrative imagination in the first type) and his way of expressing it. For example, all films whose scenarios do not take a narrative or documentary form.
Perhaps we can include the types of film scripts with the types of scripts as a whole, and we list them in the same paragraph, as the short film script, the short story film script, the serial film script, and the film script, and each one has its distinctive characteristics according to the following:
Short Film Script:
This type is particularly suitable for beginners, as they should start with short films that do not consume them for a long time, and that they do not have to write as if they have been creative in this field for twenty years. This type is not limited to a time, it may be limited to one minute, it may reach minutes, and its longest time range is half an hour. Among the types of this type is the script of the experimental short film, the script of the documentary short film, the script of the narrative short film, as well as the animation script.
Short Story Film Script:
This type differs from the first type, but it is subject to the proposed story from which the script will result. In the matter of length and time, the duration of the story determines the duration of the script with a little less or a little more. This type is dependent on objectivity.
This type is completely different from all other types, and depends on length and time. The series consists of long events and its characters live longer than films and short stories. The episodes of the series have exceeded 150 episodes, and the episodes may be about one story or they may be about a group of stories. We may see a series in which each episode has a specific story, but in the end, all these stories revolve around the basic idea behind the series as a whole. The types of scenarios for the series are many and profound, including the social, the comic, the autobiographical, the historical, the social and the environmental, the Bedouin, and other types.
It is the basis on which the script is built. The script originally, and as a term, is the story of a movie written on paper. The story here extends for two hours at most, as the number of paper pages of the film is 120 pages, and each written page takes up an acting minute, and so on. The film is similar to the series in dealing with the issues, but it does so in an abbreviated way. The series is also similar to the genres it covers: social, comic, historical, and biographical, and somewhat exceeds it with horror films and science fiction films.
How Do You Become A Screenwriter?
It is not easy to become a recognized screenwriter in cultural and literary circles, but at the same time, it is not difficult or impossible. Everything here is subject to experience, experience, and learning, and above all else, the desire, will, and psychological readiness to venture into this field that relies on thought, pen, and paper.
First, you have to be humble. Do not think that if you can write a scene, you will be able to make a difference in the world of cinema or television. It takes a close follow-up to every sliver and incoming in this very wide and special world. First, you have to watch cinema films at the rate of one film every day, and there is nothing wrong with two films.
Watch the same film twice, the first as an ordinary viewer, and the second to know and scrutinize how to weave this story and make the plot for it. You have to watch a drama every day, grab a piece of paper and a pen and take notes on that. You should watch short movies, movies of minutes or 30 minutes at most. You have to read the novels because the plot of the novel is the same as the plot of the script. You have to experiment daily with everything related to the script.
For example, there is nothing wrong with writing ten scenes and then putting them on the shelf. You are here not writing to make a film that you present to production companies, but rather you do it with the aim of learning. All this will lead you to learn how to tell the story gradually and love the events tightly. Also, don’t forget to read the plays. Everything in it is a scenario that you should read with great interest.
This will make you, gradually and not hastily, a screenwriter, and time stands with you and does not rush you, because a screenwriter has been working for fifty years or more, so there is no limit to the age of the writer and this is positive in terms of time and the feasible extent of working as a screenwriter.
What Is A Screenwriter?
We are now aware of what a “scriptwriter” means, as he is simply the person who writes the events of a story or a novel with its detailed framework and makes it suitable for filming and displaying on the screen. For example, we read in the novel that the girl was sitting near the lake, and the knight came on his horse and offered her a rose, and then asked to sit with her to talk to her, and after that, they became friends, so things developed in later chapters and they became a couple.
This is in the novel, and the novel does not excite the film director and his camera to transfer it to the screen. Rather, the screenwriter is the one who formulates the scene in the previous example in a way that attracts the director to turn it into the cinema in a smooth way, and this smoothness requires an experienced screenwriter and not a novelist, no matter how creative he is.
The scriptwriter is the one who makes the director see the actors in the story move on paper before he moves them through the camera, and the scriptwriter here is the one who makes the flesh and blood of the characters out of paper before they play their roles by real people in cinema or television.
Finally, the screenwriter is the one who prepares everything written in the work of graphics, such as films, television programs, comics, video games, and others.